What are the Objectives of Investment?
Before you decide to invest your earnings in any one of the many investment plans available in India, it’s essential to understand the reasons behind it and the investment meaning. While the individual objectives of investment may vary from one investor to another, the overall goals of investing money may be any one of the following reasons..
Reasons to Start Investing Today
1. To Keep Money Safe
Capital preservation is one of the primary objectives of investment for people. Some investments help keep hard-earned money safe from being eroded with time. By parking your funds in these instruments or schemes, you can ensure that you do not outlive your savings. Fixed deposits, government bonds, and even an ordinary savings account can help keep your money safe. Although the return on investment may be lower here, the objective of capital preservation is easily met.
2. To Help Money Grow
Another one of the common objectives of investing money is to ensure that it grows into a sizable corpus over time. Capital appreciation is generally a long-term goal that helps people secure their financial future. To make the money you earn grow into wealth, you need to consider investment objectives and options that offer a significant return on the initial amount invested. Some of the best investments to achieve growth include real estate, mutual funds, commodities, and equity. The risk associated with these options may be high, but the return is also generally significant.
3. To Earn a Steady Stream of Income
Investments can also help you earn a steady source of secondary (or primary) income. Examples of such investments include fixed deposits that pay out regular interest or stocks of companies that pay investors dividends consistently. Income-generating investments can help you pay for your everyday expenses after you have retired. Alternatively, they can also act as excellent sources of supplementary income during your working years by providing you with additional money to meet outlays like college expenses or EMIs.
4. To Minimize the Burden of Tax
Aside from capital growth or preservation, investors also have other compelling objectives for investment. This motivation comes in the form of tax benefits offered by the Income Tax Act, 1961. Investing in options such as Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs), Public Provident Fund (PPF), and Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) can be deducted from your total income. This has the effect of reducing your taxable income, thereby bringing down your tax liability.
5. To Save up for Retirement
Saving up for retirement is a necessity. It is essential to have a retirement fund you can fall back on in your golden years, because you may not be able to continue working forever. By investing the money you earn during your working years in the right investment options, you can allow your funds to grow enough to sustain you after you’ve retired.
6. To Meet your Financial Goals
Investing can also help you achieve your short-term and long-term financial goals without too much stress or trouble. Some investment options, for instance, come with short lock-in periods and high liquidity. These investments are ideal instruments to park your funds in if you wish to save up for short-term targets like funding home improvements or creating an emergency fund. Other investment options that come with a longer lock-in period are perfect for saving up for long-term goals.